After the Ice Videos

This video series shares stories of Indigenous communities challenged by sea ice loss in Alaska’s Bering Sea. “After the Ice” is a three-part series created through a partnership between the Bering Sea Elders Group and SEARCH. Click here for the videos.

Arctic Futures 2050 Conference

Arctic Futures 2050 Products

State of the Science Briefs

SEARCH Science Briefs

2017 Methane Workshop Reports and Publications

  • A meeting report of the International Workshop to Reconcile Methane Budgets in the Northern Permafrost Region was published in Eos on 11 July 2017.
  • The final workshop report was released 9 March 2017.
  • A paper synthesizing current knowledge and gaps in Arctic methane emissions was published in Eos on 13 March 2018.

Sea Ice Outlook Reports

The Sea Ice Outlook, an activity of the Sea Ice Prediction Network and a contribution to SEARCH, produces reports in June, July, and August containing a variety of perspectives on Arctic sea ice—from observations of current conditions, to advanced numerical models, to qualitative perspectives from citizen scientists. A post-season report provides an in-depth analysis of factors driving sea ice extent this summer as well as explore the scientific methods for predicting seasonal ice extent.

Go to the Sea Ice Outlook webpages:

2015 Permafrost Article Published in Nature

Led by Ted Schuur, Permafrost Action Team Chair, and incorporating many previous and ongoing synthesis activities of the Permafrost Carbon Network, the Climate Change and the Permafrost Carbon Feedback review article was published by Nature in April of 2015 (doi:10.1038/nature14338). The review outlined the current state of knowledge about the impact of thawing permafrost carbon on climate in a future warmer world.

Listen to Sue Natali, one of the Nature article's co-authors, discuss the significant role that Arctic permafrost carbon release plays in global climate change on PRI's Living on Earth program here.

2015 Arctic Observing Framework

The drafting of this proposed Arctic Observing framework was co-led by Hajo Eicken, chair the SEARCH Science Steering Committee (SSC), and Craig Lee, chair of the SEARCH Observing Change Panel (OCP), with input from the SEARCH Science Steering Committee, SEARCH Observing Change Panel and SEARCH Science Office. The paper proposes an Integrated Arctic Observing System organized though a framework of “Arctic Services” to better combine the different roles that AON would play for agencies supporting basic research, those with operational missions, as well as non-governmental entities and stakeholders. The full framework document as well as a summary brief are provided below.

Arctic Observing Framework Summary (PDF - 126 KB)

Arctic Observing Framework (PDF - 784 KB)

2015 Arctic Observing Network Position Paper

This brief position paper was led by Craig Lee, chair of the SEARCH Observing Change Panel (OCP), with input from both the OCP, SEARCH SSC, ARCUS, and via a call for input from the broader community. The paper represents a synthesis of discussions within SEARCH over the previous year and builds on past SEARCH-AON community events and workshops. Key issues addressed in the paper include governance, network integration, and sustained funding. More information:

Download Final Position Paper (PDF - 165 KB)

National Science Foundation Response to SEARCH's 2015 AON Position Paper (PDF - 31KB)

2014 Arctic Observing System Framework White Paper

This 5-page white paper summarizes a potential implementation framework for a sustained US Arctic Observing System. The white paper includes discussion of how to set priorities, strategy, tactics, and operational implementation.

Download White Paper (PDF - 806 KB)

2012 U.S. Arctic Observing Network Coordination Workshop Report

2012 U.S. Arctic Observing Network Coordination Workshop Report

Payne, J., D. Perovich, R. Shnoro, and H. Wiggins, eds., 2013: U.S. Arctic Observing Network Coordination Workshop Report. Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH), Fairbanks, Alaska, 52pp.

Download Full Report (PDF - 3 MB)

Download Front Matter and Executive Summary (PDF - 1.3 MB)

AON Design and Implementation (ADI) Task Force Final Report 2012

AON Design and Implementation (ADI) Task Force Final Report 2012

AON Design and Implementation Task Force. Designing, Optimizing, and Implementing an Arctic Observing Network (AON): A Report by the AON Design and Implementation (ADI) Task Force (2012). Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH), Fairbanks, AK. 64 pp.

Download Full Report (PDF - 2.4 MB)

Download Front Matter and Executive Summary (PDF - 395 KB)

2012 Recommendations for Understanding Arctic System Change

This white paper, "Recommendations for Understanding Arctic System Change" was based on a workshop held 2010 and subsequent discussions to identify key unknowns and key science questions for understanding arctic system change; and identify the next steps in synthesis activities, methodologies, mechanisms, and approaches to address the identified key science questions.
Editors: Scott Elliott, Joshua Schimel, John Walsh, Helen Wiggins

Download Report (PDF - 283 KB)

2009 AON Status Report and Key Recommendations

Arctic Observing Network (AON): 2009 Status Report and Key Recommendations

Arctic Observing Network (AON): 2009 Status Report and Key Recommendations. Results from the Third AON PI Meeting; 30 November - 2 December 2009; Boulder, CO. 170 pp. (Released August 2010).

Download Full Report (PDF - 7.5 MB)
Download Front Matter and Executive Summary (PDF - 2.9 MB)

Arctic Observation Integration: Workshops Report. 2008.

Arctic Observation Integration: Workshops Report. 2008.
Fairbanks, Alaska: SEARCH Project Office, Arctic Research Consortium of the United States (ARCUS).

Download Full Report (PDF - 700 KB)

SEARCH Data Policy

In 2007, a SEARCH Data Working Group developed a SEARCH Data Policy to guide the documentation and distribution of SEARCH-related datasets.

Download Data Policy (PDF - 108 KB)

Study of Environmental Arctic Change: Plans for Implementation During the International Polar Year and Beyond.

Study of Environmental Arctic Change: Plans for Implementation
Report of the SEARCH Implementation Workshop, May 23 - 25, 2005.

Download Full Report (107 pages, 5.9MB - PDF)

Download Full Report: A4 International Size (107 pages, 5.9MB - PDF)

Download Front Matter and Executive Summary (16 pages, 641K - PDF)

Download Front Matter and Executive Summary: A4 International Size (16 pages, 722K - PDF)

This report is a synthesis of community-wide planning discussions before, during and after the SEARCH Implementation Workshop, which was convened to establish priorities for the next steps of the implementation of SEARCH. The report is meant to serve as a point of reference for immediate planning in preparation for the International Polar Year and for an Arctic Observing Network, and also to provide a perspective on SEARCH beyond the immediate needs and priorities.

Proceedings of the SEARCH Open Science Meeting

Proceedings of the SEARCH Open Science Meeting
27-30 October 2003, Seattle, Washington.

Download Full Volume (370 pages, 2.3MB - PDF)

Download Full Volume: A4 International Size (370 pages, 1.3MB - PDF)

Download Front Matter and Session Summaries (33 pages, 770KB - PDF)

Download Front Matter and Session Summaries: A4 International Size (33 pages, 300KB - PDF)

These proceedings present the evidence of rapid environmental change in the Arctic discussed during the 2003 SEARCH Open Science Meeting.

SEARCH Brochure

SEARCH Brochure
SEARCH: The Study of Environmental Arctic Change: A four page brochure.

Download the SEARCH Brochure (PDF - 1.4 MB)

SEARCH: The Study of Environmental Arctic Change, a brochure published by the Arctic Research Consortium of the U.S. for the SEARCH Interagency Working Group and the Interagency Arctic Research Policy Committee, is now available.

At the request of John Calder, head of the Arctic Research Office of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and through the Cooperative Institute for Arctic Research (CIFAR) at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, ARCUS developed this short informational brochure to introduce the SEARCH program, a major new interagency arctic research effort, to a general audience.

Nine federal agencies with research interests and responsibilities in the Arctic will cooperate to carry out the SEARCH program. The SEARCH brochure is designed for use by agency representatives to present their research activities and the collaborative activities supported by SEARCH and to inform the public of the impact of SEARCH activities in assessing and understanding the scope of global climate change.

The brochure consists of four pages, featuring each agency's SEARCH activities and an overall description of the purpose, activities and plans for SEARCH. The brochure is available as a downloadable PDF from the ARCUS web site.

Other Reports and Science Plans

Various other reports and science plans, including the SEARCH Science Plan (2001) and the Implementation Strategy (2003) can be found by clicking here.

Witness The Arctic Articles

Witness the Arctic Newsletter Header
Witness the Arctic is a newsletter of the Arctic Research Consortium of the United States (ARCUS) typically published three times per year. The newsletter serves an audience of Arctic scientists, educators, agency personnel, and policy makers and provides information on current Arctic research efforts and findings, significant research initiatives, science education, national policy affecting Arctic research, and related international activities. SEARCH program updates and articles are a regular feature of each publication.

SEARCH Affiliated Publications by Topic

Arctic Observing


Lee, O., H. Eicken, G. Kling, and C. Lee. (2015). A Framework for Prioritization, Design and Coordination of Arctic Long-term Observing Networks: A Perspective from the U.S. SEARCH Program, Arctic, 68(5).

SEARCH (2015). Arctic Services: A Framework for Effective and Sustained Observations in the Arctic. Arctic Research Consortium of the United States (ARCUS). Fairbanks, AK.

SEARCH (2015). Community Position Paper: Arctic Observing Network (AON). Arctic Research Consortium of the United States (ARCUS). Fairbanks, AK.


SEARCH (2014). Towards a Sustained US Arctic Long-term Observing System: Perspectives from the Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH) Program. Arctic Research Consortium of the United States (ARCUS). Fairbanks, AK.


Payne, J., D. Perovich, R. Shnoro, and H. Wiggins, eds. (2013). U.S. Arctic Observing Network Coordination Workshop Report. Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH). Fairbanks, Alaska, 52pp.


AON Design and Implementation Task Force [ADI]. (2012). Designing, Optimizing, and Implementing an Arctic Observing Network (AON): A Report by the AON Design and Implementation (ADI) Task Force. Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH), Fairbanks, AK. 64 pp

SEARCH. (2012) Recommendations for Understanding Arctic System Change. SEARCH Project Office, Arctic Research Consortium of the United States (ARCUS). Fairbanks, AK

Eicken, H., Forbes, B. and H. Wiggins. (2011). State of the Arctic Conference 2010: International Perspectives on Progress of Research Responsive to Decision-Makers' Information Needs, Ambio, vol. 40, pp. 824-827, 2011.


SEARCH (2008). Arctic Observation Integration Workshops Report, 63pp. pp. SEARCH Project Office, Arctic Research Consortium of the United States (ARCUS). Fairbanks, AK


SEARCH. (2005). Proceedings of the SEARCH Open Science Meeting, 27–30 October 2003, Seattle, Washington. Fairbanks: Arctic Research Consortium of the U.S. (ARCUS).

SEARCH (2005). Study of Environmental Arctic Change: Plans for implementation during the International Polar Year and beyond. Report of the SEARCH Implementation Workshop, May 23-25, 2005. Arctic Research Consortium of the United States (ARCUS). Fairbanks, AK.


SEARCH (2001). SEARCH: Study of Environmental Arctic Change, science plan. Polar Science Center, Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle.

Cross-cutting topics


Miller, S. M., M. A. Taylor, and J. D. Watts. (2018). Understanding high-latitude methane in a warming climate. Eos, 99.


Cao X, Aiken GR, Spencer RGM, Butler K, Mao J, Schmidt-Rohr K (2016) Novel insights from NMR spectroscopy into seasonal changes in the composition of dissolved organic matter exported to the Bering Sea by the Yukon River. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, 181, 72-88.doi:10.1016/j.gca.2016.02.029


Aiken GR, Spencer RGM, Striegl RG, Schuster PF, Raymond PA (2014) Influences of glacier melt and permafrost thaw on the age of dissolved organic carbon in the Yukon River basin. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 8, 2013GB004764.

Sea Ice


SEARCH Sea Ice Action Team. (2017). Workshop Report: First SEARCH Knowledge Exchange Workshop on Impacts of Arctic Sea-Ice Loss. Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH), Fairbanks, AK.


Hamilton, L. C., & Stroeve, J. (2016). 400 predictions: the SEARCH Sea Ice Outlook 2008–2015. Polar Geography, 1–14.


Stroeve, J., Hamilton, L. C., Bitz, C. M., & Blanchard-Wrigglesworth, E. (2014). Predicting September sea ice: Ensemble skill of the SEARCH Sea Ice Outlook 2008-2013. Geophysical Research Letters, 41(7), 2411–2418.



Burke EJ, Chadburn SE, Huntingford C, Jones CD (2018) CO2 loss by permafrost thawing implies additional emissions reductions to limit warming to 1.5 or 2 °C. Environmental Research Letters, 13, 24024.

Christiansen CT, Lafreniére MJ, Henry GHR, Grogan P (2018) Long-term deepened snow promotes tundra evergreen shrub growth and summertime ecosystem net CO2 gain, but reduces soil carbon and nutrient pools. Global Change Biology. doi: 10.1111/gcb.14084

Couture NJ, Irrgang A, Pollard W, Lantuit H, Fritz M Coastal Erosion of Permafrost Soils Along the Yukon Coastal Plain and Fluxes of Organic Carbon to the Canadian Beaufort Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences. doi: 10.1002/2017JG004166

Dean JF, van der Velde Y, Garnett MH, Dinsmore K, Baxter R, Lessels JS, Smith P, Street LE, Subke JA, Tetzlaff D, Washbourne I, Wookey PA, Billett MF (2018) Abundant pre-industrial carbon detected in Canadian Arctic headwaters: implications for the permafrost carbon feedback. Environmental Research Letters, 13, 34024.

Estop-Aragonés C, Cooper MDA, Fisher JP, Thierry A, Garnett MH, Charman DJ, Murton JB, Phoenix GK, Treharne R, Sanderson NK, Burn CR, Kokelj S V, Wolfe SA, Lewkowicz AG, Williams M, Hartley IP (2018) Limited release of previously-frozen C and increased new peat formation after thaw in permafrost peatlands. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 118, 115–129.

Fuchs M, Grosse G, Strauss J, Günther F, Grigoriev M, Maximov GM, Hugelius G (2018) Carbon and nitrogen pools in thermokarst-affected permafrost landscapes in Arctic Siberia. Biogeosciences, 15, 953–971.

Lara MJ, Nitze I, Grosse G, Martin P, McGuire AD (2018) Reduced arctic tundra productivity linked with landform and climate change interactions. Scientific Reports, 8, 2345. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-20692-8

Schuster PF, Schaefer KM, Aiken GR, Antweiler RC, Dewild JF, Gryziec JD, Gusmeroli A, Hugelius G, Jafarov E, Krabbenhoft DP, Liu L, Herman-Mercer N, Mu C, Roth DA, Schaefer T, Striegl RG, Wickland KP, Zhang T (2018) Permafrost Stores a Globally Significant Amount of Mercury. Geophysical Research Letters. doi: 10.1002/2017GL075571

Wild B, Alves RJE, Bárta J, Čapek P, Gentsch N, Guggenberger G, Hugelius G, Knoltsch A, Kuhry P, Lashchinksiy N, Mikutta R, Palmtag J, Prommer J, Schnecker J, Shibistova O, Takriti M, Urich T, Richter A (2018) Amino acid production exceeds plant nitrogen demand in Siberian tundra. Environmental Research Letters, 13, 34002.


Matamala R, Calderón FJ, Jastrow JD, Fan Z, Hofmann SM, Michaelson GJ, Mishra U, Ping C-L (2017) Influence of site and soil properties on the DRIFT spectra of northern cold-region soils. Geoderma, 305, 80–91.

Parazoo NC, Koven CD, Lawrence DM, Romanovsky V, Miller CE (2018) Detecting the permafrost carbon feedback: talik formation and increased cold-season respiration as precursors to sink-to-source transitions. The Cryosphere, 12, 123–144.

Virkkala A-M, Virtanen T, Lehtonen A, Rinne J, Luoto M (2017) The current state of CO2 flux chamber studies in the Arctic tundra: a review. Progress in Physical Geography, 309133317745784.

Andresen CG, Lara MJ, Tweedie CE, Lougheed VL (2017) Rising plant-mediated methane emissions from arctic wetlands. Global Change Biology, 23, 1128-1139. doi:10.1111/gcb.13469

Mauritz M, Bracho R, Celis G, Hutchings J, Natali SM, Pegoraro E, Salmon VG, Schädel C, Webb EE, Schuur EAG (2017) Non-linear CO2 flux response to seven years of experimentally induced permafrost thaw. Global Change Biology. doi:10.1111/gcb.13661

Ruppel CD, Kessler JD (2017) The interaction of climate change and methane hydrates.Reviews of Geophysics. doi:10.1002/2016RG000534

Vitharana UWA, Mishra U, Jastrow JD, Matamala R, Fan Z (2017) Observational needs for estimating Alaskan soil carbon stocks under current and future climate. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences. doi:10.1002/2016JG003421

Wilson RM, Fitzhugh L, Whiting GJ, Frolking S, Harrison MD, Dimova N, Burnett WC, Chanton JP (2017) Greenhouse gas balance over thaw-freeze cycles in discontinuous zone permafrost. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences. doi:10.1002/2016JG003600


Abbott BW, Jones JBJ, Schuur EAG, Chapin FSI, Bowden WB, Bret-Harte MS, Epstein HE, Flannigan MD, Harms TK, Hollingsworth TN, Mack MC, McGuire AD, Natali S, M., Rocha AV, Tank SE, Turetsky M, R., Vonk JE, Wickland KP, Aiken GR, Alexander HD, Amon RMW, Bensoter BW, Bergeron Y, Bishop K, Blarquez O, Bond-Lamberty B, Breen AL, Buffam I, Cai Y, Carcaillet C, Carey SK, Chen JM, Chen HYH, Christensen TR, Cooper LW, Cornelissen JHC, de Groot WJ, DeLuca TH, Dorrepaal E, Fetcher N, Finlay JC, Forbes BC, French NHF, Gauthier S, Girardin MP, Goetz SJ, Goldammer JG, Gouch L, Grogan P, Guo L, Higuera PE, Hinzman L, Hu FS, Hugelius G, Jafarov EE, Jandt R, Johnstone JF, Karlsson J, Kasischke ES, Kattner G, Kelly R, Keuper F, Kling GW, Kortelainen P, Kouki J, Kuhry P, Laudon H, Laurion I, Macdonald RW, Mann PJ, Martikainen PJ, McClelland JW, Molau U, Oberbauer SF, Olefeldt D, Paré D, Parisien M-A, Payette S, Peng C, Pokrovksy OS, Rastetter EB, Raymond PA, Raynolds MK, Rein G, Reynolds JF, Robard M, Rogers BM, Schädel C, Schaefer K, Schmidt IK, Shvidenko A, Sky J, Spencer RGM, Starr G, Striegl RG, Teisserenc R, Tranvik LJ, Virtanen T, Welker JM, Zimov S (2016) Biomass offsets little or none of permafrost carbon release from soils, streams, and wildfire: an expert assessment. Environmental Research Letters, 11, 034014.

Beer C (2016) Permafrost Sub-grid Heterogeneity of Soil Properties Key for 3-D Soil Processes and Future Climate Projections. Frontiers in Earth Science, 4. doi:10.3389/feart.2016.00081

Blanc-Betes E, Welker JM, Sturchio NC, Chanton JP, Gonzalez-Meler MA (2016) Winter precipitation and snow accumulation drive the methane sink or source strength of Arctic tussock tundra. Global Change Biology, 22, 2818-2833. doi:10.1111/gcb.13242

Bracho R, Natali S, Pegoraro E, Crummer KG, Schädel C, Celis G, Hale L, Wu L, Yin H, Tiedje JM, Konstantinidis KT, Luo Y, Zhou J, Schuur EAG (2016) Temperature sensitivity of organic matter decomposition of permafrost-region soils during laboratory incubations. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 97, 1-14. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2016.02.008

Chen L, Liang J, Qin S, Liu L, Fang K, Xu Y, Ding J, Li F, Luo Y, Yang Y (2016) Determinants of carbon release from the active layer and permafrost deposits on the Tibetan Plateau. Nature Communications, 7, 13046. doi:10.1038/ncomms13046

Crichton KA, Bouttes N, Roche DM, Chappellaz J, Krinner G (2016) Permafrost carbon as a missing link to explain CO2 changes during the last deglaciation. Nature Geosci, 9, 683-686. doi:10.1038/ngeo2793

Ding J, Li F, Yang G, Chen L, Zhang B, Liu L, Fang K, Qin S, Chen Y, Peng Y, Ji C, He H, Smith P, Yang Y (2016) The permafrost carbon inventory on the Tibetan Plateau: a new evaluation using deep sediment cores. Global Change Biology. doi:10.1111/gcb.13257

Finger RA, Turetsky MR, Kielland K, Ruess RW, Mack MC, Euskirchen ES (2016) Effects of permafrost thaw on nitrogen availability and plant-soil interactions in a boreal Alaskan lowland. Journal of Ecology. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.12639

Grosse G, Goetz SJ, McGuire AD, Romanovsky VE, Schuur EAG (2016) Changing permafrost in a warming world and feedbacks to the Earth system. Environmental Research Letters, 11, 040201.

Hagemann S, Blome T, Ekici A, Beer C (2016) Soil-frost-enabled soil-moisture–precipitation feedback over northern high latitudes. Earth Syst. Dynam., 7, 611-625. doi:10.5194/esd-7-611-2016

Harp DR, Atchley AL, Painter SL, Coon ET, Wilson CJ, Romanovsky VE, Rowland JC (2016) Effect of soil property uncertainties on permafrost thaw projections: a calibration-constrained analysis. The Cryosphere, 10, 341-358. doi:10.5194/tc-10-341-2016

Hicks Pries CE, Schuur EAG, Natali SM, Crummer KG (2016) Old soil carbon losses increase with ecosystem respiration in experimentally thawed tundra. Nature Clim. Change, 6, 214-218. doi:10.1038/nclimate2830

Jafarov E, Schaefer K (2016) The importance of a surface organic layer in simulating permafrost thermal and carbon dynamics. The Cryosphere,10, 465-475. doi:10.5194/tc-10-465-2016

Jones MC, Harden J, O'Donnell J, Manies K, Jorgenson T, Treat C, Ewing S (2016) Rapid carbon loss and slow recovery following permafrost thaw in boreal peatlands. Global Change Biology. doi:10.1111/gcb.13403

Kim Y, Park S-J, Lee B-Y, Risk D (2016) Continuous measurement of soil carbon efflux with Forced Diffusion (FD) chambers in a tundra ecosystem of Alaska. Science of the Total Environment, 566–567, 175-184. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.05.052

Kwon MJ, Heimann M, Kolle O, Luus KA, Schuur EAG, Zimov N, Zimov SA, Göckede M (2016) Long-term drainage reduces CO2 uptake and increases CO2 emission on a Siberian floodplain due to shifts in vegetation community and soil thermal characteristics. Biogeosciences, 13, 4219-4235. doi:10.5194/bg-13-4219-2016

Kwon MJ, Beulig F, Ilie I, Wildner M, Küsel K, Merbold L, Mahecha MD, Zimov N, Zimov SA, Heimann M, Schuur EAG, Kostka JE, Kolle O, Hilke I, Göckede M (2016) Plants, microorganisms, and soil temperatures contribute to a decrease in methane fluxes on a drained Arctic floodplain. Global Change Biology. doi:10.1111/gcb.13558

Loranty MM, Lieberman-Cribbin W, Berner LT, Natali SM, Goetz SJ, Alexander HD, Kholodov AL (2016) Spatial variation in vegetation productivity trends, fire disturbance, and soil carbon across arctic-boreal permafrost ecosystems. Environmental Research Letters, 11, 095008.

McGuire AD, Koven C, Lawrence DM, Clein JS, Xia J, Beer C, Burke E, Chen G, Chen X, Delire C, Jafarov E, MacDougall AH, Marchenko S, Nicolsky D, Peng S, Rinke A, Saito K, Zhang W, Alkama R, Bohn TJ, Ciais P, Decharme B, Ekici A, Gouttevin I, Hajima T, Hayes DJ, Ji D, Krinner G, Lettenmaier DP, Luo Y, Miller PA, Moore JC, Romanovsky V, Schädel C, Schaefer K, Schuur EAG, Smith B, Sueyoshi T, Zhuang Q (2016) Variability in the sensitivity among model simulations of permafrost and carbon dynamics in the permafrost region between 1960 and 2009. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. doi:10.1002/2016GB005405

Miller SM, Miller CE, Commane R, Chang RYW, Dinardo SJ, Henderson JM, Karion A, Lindaas J, Melton JR, Miller JB, Sweeney C, Wofsy SC, Michalak AM (2016) A multiyear estimate of methane fluxes in Alaska from CARVE atmospheric observations. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. doi:10.1002/2016GB005419
Mu C, Zhang T, Zhang X, Li L, Guo H, Zhao Q, Cao L, Wu Q, Cheng G (2016) Carbon loss and chemical changes from permafrost collapse in the northern Tibetan Plateau. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 121, 1781-1791. doi:10.1002/2015JG003235

O'Donnell JA, Aiken GR, Butler KD, Guillemette F, Podgorski DC, Spencer RGM (2016a) DOM composition and transformation in boreal forest soils: The effects of temperature and organic-horizon decomposition state. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 121, 2727-2744. doi:10.1002/2016JG003431

O'Donnell JA, Aiken GR, Swanson DK, Panda S, Butler KD, Baltensperger AP (2016b) Dissolved organic matter composition of Arctic rivers: linking permafrost and parent material to riverine carbon. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, doi:10.1002/2016GB005482

Olefeldt D, Goswami S, Grosse G, Hayes D, Hugelius G, Kuhry P, McGuire AD, Romanovsky VE, Sannel ABK, Schuur EAG, Turetsky MR (2016) Circumpolar distribution and carbon storage of thermokarst landscapes. Nature Communications, 7, 13043. doi:10.1038/ncomms13043

Parazoo NC, Commane R, Wofsy SC, Koven CD, Sweeney C, Lawrence DM, Lindaas J, Chang RY-W, Miller CE (2016) Detecting regional patterns of changing CO2 flux in Alaska. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113, 7733-7738. doi:10.1073/pnas.1601085113

Peng S, Ciais P, Krinner G, Wang T, Gouttevin I, McGuire AD, Lawrence D, Burke E, Chen X, Decharme B, Koven C, MacDougall A, Rinke A, Saito K, Zhang W, Alkama R, Bohn TJ, Delire C, Hajima T, Ji D, Lettenmaier DP, Miller PA, Moore JC, Smith B, Sueyoshi T (2016) Simulated high-latitude soil thermal dynamics during the past 4 decades. The Cryosphere, 10, 179-192. doi:10.5194/tc-10-179-2016

Salmon VG, Soucy P, Mauritz M, Celis G, Natali SM, Mack MC, Schuur EAG (2016) Nitrogen availability increases in a tundra ecosystem during five years of experimental permafrost thaw. Global Change Biology. doi: 10.1111/gcb.13204

Schädel C, Bader MKF, Schuur EAG, Biasi C, Bracho R, Čapek P, De Baets S, Diáková K, Ernakovich J, Estop-Aragones C, Graham DE, Hartley IP, Iversen CM, Kane E, Knoblauch C, Lupascu M, Martikainen PJ, Natali SM, Norby RJ, O/'Donnell JA, Chowdhury TR, Šantrůčková H, Shaver G, Sloan VL, Treat CC, Turetsky MR, Waldrop MP, Wickland KP (2016) Potential carbon emissions dominated by carbon dioxide from thawed permafrost soils. Nature Clim. Change, 6, 950-953. doi:10.1038/nclimate3054

Schaefer K, Jafarov E (2016) A parameterization of respiration in frozen soils based on substrate availability. Biogeosciences, 13, 1991-2001. doi:10.5194/bg-13-1991-2016

Schuur EAG & Hugelius G(2016) Terrestrial Carbon Cycle. Arctic Report Card 2016.

Tanski G, Couture N, Lantuit H, Eulenburg A, Fritz M (2016) Eroding permafrost coasts release low amounts of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from ground ice into the nearshore zone of the Arctic Ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 30, 1054-1068. doi:10.1002/2015GB005337

Treat CC, Wollheim W, M., Varner R, K., Bowden W, B. (2016) Longer thaw seasons increase nitrogen availability for leaching during fall in tundra soils. Environmental Research Letters, 11, 064013.

Wang W, Rinke A, Moore JC, Cui X, Ji D, Li Q, Zhang N, Wang C, Zhang S, Lawrence DM, McGuire AD, Zhang W, Delire C, Koven C, Saito K, MacDougall A, Burke E, Decharme B (2016a) Diagnostic and model dependent uncertainty of simulated Tibetan permafrost area. The Cryosphere, 10, 287-306. doi:10.5194/tc-10-287-2016

Wang W, Rinke A, Moore JC, Ji D, Cui X, Peng S, Lawrence DM, McGuire AD, Burke EJ, Chen X, Decharme B, Koven C, MacDougall A, Saito K, Zhang W, Alkama R, Bohn TJ, Ciais P, Delire C, Gouttevin I, Hajima T, Krinner G, Lettenmaier DP, Miller PA, Smith B, Sueyoshi T, Sherstiukov AB (2016) Evaluation of air–soil temperature relationships simulated by land surface models during winter across the permafrost region. The Cryosphere, 10, 1721-1737. doi:10.5194/tc-10-1721-2016

Walter Anthony K, Daanen R, Anthony P, Schneider von Deimling T, Ping C-L, Chanton JP, Grosse G (2016) Methane emissions proportional to permafrost carbon thawed in Arctic lakes since the 1950s. Nature Geosci, advance online publication. doi:10.1038/ngeo2795

Webb EE, Schuur EAG, Natali SM, Oken KL, Bracho R, Krapek JP, Risk D, Nickerson NR (2016) Increased wintertime CO2 loss as a result of sustained tundra warming. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences. doi:10.1002/2014JG002795

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